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塑石假山工艺的特点
上传时间:2016-10-21 10:06:56  点击数:
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  塑石假山用雕塑艺术的手法仿造自然山石的园林工程。这种工艺是在继承发扬岭南庭园的山石景艺术和灰塑传统工艺的基础上发展起来的,具有用真石掇山、置石同样的功能,广州动物园狮山即由人工塑造而成的。 塑造的山与自然山石相比,有干枯、缺少生气的缺点,设计时要多考虑绿化与泉水的配合,以补其不足。这种山是用人工材料塑成的,毕竟难以表现石的本身质地之美,所以只宜远观不宜近赏。

Plastic rockery stone sculpture art style imitation of natural rocks Landscaping projects. This process is developed based on inheriting and developing the gardens of South of the Five Ridges mountain rock art and traditional crafts on the gray plastic, with real stone hills, stone the same function, the Guangzhou zoo in Shishan by artificial shaped. Compared to shaping the mountains and natural rocks, there are dry, lack of angry shortcomings, design to consider with the greening and water, to complement it. This mountain is made of artificial materials, after all, it is difficult to show the beauty of the stone itself, so it should be far from the view should not be near.
特点 塑山工艺的特点是:1,可以塑造较理想的艺术形象——雄伟、磅礴富有力感的山石景,特别是能塑造难以采运和堆叠的巨型奇石。这种艺术造型较能与现代建筑相协调。此外还可通过仿造,表现黄腊石、英石、太湖石等不同石材所具有的风格。
The characteristics of plastic mountain process is: 1, can shape the ideal artistic image - Majestic, majestic rich sense mountain stone scenery, especially to shaping harvesting and stacking of the giant stone. This kind of art can be coordinated with the modern architecture. In addition, through imitation, performance, Huanglashi zircon, Taihu stone stone has a different style.
2,可以在非产石地区布置山石景,可利用价格较低的材料,如砖、砂、水泥等。
2, can be in the non production stone area, can be used to lower prices of materials, such as bricks, sand, cement, etc..
3,施工灵活方便,不受地形、地物限制,在重量很大的巨型山石不宜进入的地方,如室内花园、屋顶花园等,仍可塑造出壳体结构的、自重较轻的巨型山石。
3, flexible and convenient construction, no restrict on the terrain and surface features, in the great weight of giant rocks should not enter the place, such as indoor garden, Roof garden, can create the weight of shell structure, the lighter giant rocks.
4,可以预留位置栽培植物,进行绿化。 设计塑造的山的设计要综合考虑山的整体布局以及同环境的关系。根据自然山石的岩脉规律和构图艺术手法,统一安排峰、岭、洞、潭、瀑、涧、麓、谷、曲水、盘道等,做出模型。模型放大的方法有翻制法和现场塑造法两种,后者造价低,较为常用。
4, you can set aside the location of the cultivation of plants, greening. Design to shape the design of the mountain to consider the overall layout of the mountain and the relationship with the environment. According to the rules of natural rocks dikes and composition art practices, unified arrangement, peak ridge, cave, waterfall, stream, lake, mountain, valley, Qushui, Bando, make model. Model amplification method has two kinds of turning method and field molding method, the latter is low cost, more commonly used.
施工现场塑造的一般施工步骤为:
General construction procedures for the construction of the construction site:
1、建造骨架结构。骨架结构有砖结构、钢架结构,以及两者的混合结构等。砖结构简便节省,对于山形变化较大的部位,要用钢架悬挑。山体的飞瀑、流泉和预留的绿化洞穴位置,要对骨架结构作好防水处理。
1, the construction of skeleton structure. The skeleton structure of brick structure, steel structure and mixed structure. The brick structure is simple for saving, Yamagata large changes in the site, with steel cantilever. The mountain waterfalls and fountains and reserved green caves, to make waterproofing treatment on skeleton structure.
2、泥底塑型。用水泥、黄泥、河沙配成可塑性较强的砂浆在已砌好的骨架上塑型,反复加工,使造型、纹理、塑体和表面刻划基本上接近模型。
2, plastic bottom mud. The use of cement, clay, sand with strong plasticity has been built in mortar skeleton plastic, repeated processing, to shape, texture, and surface characterization of plastic body close to the model basically.
3、塑面。在塑体表面细致地刻划石的质感、色泽、纹理和表层特征。质感和色泽根据设计要求,用石粉、色粉按适当比例配白水泥或普通水粉调成砂浆,按粗糙、平滑、拉毛等塑面手法处理。纹理的塑造,一般来说,直纹为主、横纹为辅的山石,较能表现峻峭、挺拔的姿势;横纹为主、直纹为辅的山石,较能表现潇洒、豪放的意象;综合纹样的山石则较能表现深厚、壮丽的风貌。为了增强山石景的自然真实感,除了纹理的刻划外,还要作好山石的自然特征,如缝、孔、洞、烂、裂、断层、位移等的细部处理。一般来说,纹理刻划宜用“意笔”手法,概括简炼;自然特征的处理宜用“工笔”手法,精雕细琢。
3, plastic. The texture, color, texture, and surface characteristics of the stone are carefully described on the surface of the plastic body. Texture and color according to the design requirements, with powder, toner according to proper proportion with white cement or ordinary powder transferred into mortar, according to rough, smooth, such as surface galling technique. The texture of the building, in general, ruled based, supplemented by striated rocks, compared to the performance of steep and straight posture; and transverse straight lines as rocks, compared to the performance of chic, bold imagery; integrated pattern of rocks is compared to the performance of deep and magnificent style. In order to enhance the landscape of natural stone mountain realistic, in addition to texture characterization, but also make the natural characteristics of the rocks, such as the detailed treatment of fissure hole cave, rotten, cracks, faults, displacement etc.. In general, texture characterization should be used "freehand" technique, concise summary; "meticulous" technique should handle natural features, crafted.
4、设色。在塑面水分未干透时进行,基本色调用颜料粉和水泥加水拌匀,逐层洒染。在石缝孔洞或阴角部位略洒稍深的色调,待塑面九成干时,在凹陷处洒上少许绿、黑或白色等大小、疏密不同的斑点,以增强立体感和自然感。
4, design. In surface water does not dry, basic color pigment powder and cement water mix well, sprinkle with layer by layer. In the crevice hole or the internal corner position slightly with a slightly darker color, surface to be dry in 90%, sprinkle a little green, black or white, such as the size and density of different spots, to enhance the sense of three-dimensional and natural feeling.
5、置石 以石材或仿石材布置成自然露岩景观的造景手法。置石还可结合它的挡土、护坡和作为种植床或器设等实用功能,用以点缀风景园林空间。置石能够用简单的形式,体现较深的意境,达到“寸石生情”的艺术效果。 《禹贡》记载泰山山谷应上贡品中就有“怪石”。《南史》载:“溉第居近淮水。斋前山池有奇礓石,长一丈六尺。”这是置石见于史书之始。《旧唐书》载:“乐天罢杭州刺史,得天竺石一”,“罢苏州刺史时得太湖石五”。
5, stone stone or stone imitation of natural landscape layout into bare rock landscaping. The stone can also be combined with the retaining soil, the slope protection, and the utility function as the planting bed or the device, which is used to decorate the space of the landscape garden. Stone can be used in a simple form, reflecting the deep artistic conception, to achieve the "inch of stone," the artistic effect. "Yu Gong" recorded in the valley of Taishan should have "rocks on the tribute". "Southern Dynasties" contains: "the irrigation near the Huai river. Zhai Hill before the pool Youqi ore stone, a six foot long zhang." This is the beginning of stone in history. "Old Tang book" contains: "Lotte, governor of Hangzhou, was a" Tianzhu Shi "," Suzhou Cishi Taihu stone five".
唐朝癖石之风甚盛。宋代江南私家园林也纷纷置石。明代林有麟编绘的《素园石谱》中有宣和六十五石图。明、清时期,置石于园则更为广泛,有“无园不石”之说。现存江南名石有苏州清代织造府(在今苏州第十中学)的瑞云峰、留园的冠云峰、上海豫园的玉玲珑和杭州花圃中的皱云峰;而最老的置石则为无锡惠山的“听松”石床,镌刻唐代书法家李阳冰篆“听松”二字。
Stone of the Tang Dynasty, the wind is very strong. Jiangnan private gardens in the Song Dynasty have also set the stone. The Ming Dynasty Lin Youlin compilation of "Su Yuan Shi" in spectrum and for sixty-five stone figure. Ming and Qing period, the stone in the garden is more extensive, there is no garden without stone, said. The existing stone Suzhou Qing Dynasty Jiangnan weaving government (in the tenth Middle School of Suzhou) Rui Yunfeng, Lingering Garden's crown Yunfeng, Yu Garden in Shanghai and Hangzhou in the jade exquisite garden to Yunfeng; and the oldest stone for the Wuxi Huishan "song" stone bed, engraved in the Tang Dynasty calligrapher Li Yangbing Zhuan "song" two words.

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