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假山制作的四个阶段是什么
上传时间:2016-09-08 16:09:07  点击数:
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假山

 园林石,是我国园林中优秀的传统艺术,已有两千多年的历史。它的制作要经过选料、筑池、叠山、装饰四个阶段来进行。

Garden stone, is a traditional Chinese garden art, has more than two thousand years of history. Making it to the choice of materials, building decoration, rockery pool, four stages to carry on.
选料:大型山石的制作,无论是硬质石料与软质石料、不论是吸水与不吸水,都要求做到石料统一,规格统一(块状或条状)。
Choice of materials: the production of large rocks, both hard stone and soft stone, both water and water, are required to be stone unified, unified specifications (block or strip).
筑池:叠山理水,筑池是理水的一种手段。水是山的血脉,有水则灵。水池的式样有多种。
Build a pool: the stack of water, the pool is a means of water treatment. Water is the lifeblood of the mountain, the water spirits. There are a variety of styles in the pool.
常见的是圆形,通常直径在5至10米,深度在80至120厘米;水深减除20厘米口沿,保持60厘米至100厘米;池底留有管道放水。
Common is the round, usually with a diameter of 5 to 10 meters, at a depth of 80 to 120 cm; 20 cm depth minus edge, 60 cm to 100 cm; the bottom left water pipeline.
叠山:假山不论是多体的(组合式),或单体的(孤峰式);它都是由主体(主峰)客体(客峰)衬体(矮山)三部分构成的。
Hill: no matter how the rockery (combination), or monomer (isolated type); it is composed of a main object (peak) (off peak) lining body (short mountain) three parts.
园林石一般采纳国画中的高远法和深远法。高远法:主体应排在前面左侧或右侧,若主体在左,客体即在右,形成开合式、一大一小、一高一矮、互相呼应。主峰挺拔险峻、后面山坡缓缓延伸,与后座衬体(远山)形断意连。
Garden stone generally adopts the method of traditional Chinese painting in the lofty and far-reaching law. Method: the lofty subjects should be in the front row on the left or right, if left in the main body, the object is in the right form, open type, and a small, one high and one low, echoing. The highest peak is straight and steep slopes, behind slowly extends, and the lining of the body (Yuan Shan) - breaking.
主峰耸立面前,形成开门见山欲先藏的手法,使人感到境界越大,对中部的山水景色产生“可见而又看不清”的诱惑力,使游人必须再移步往前看个究竟。深远法:主体的高度比例和高远法相同,其位置应排在中部左侧或右侧,客体摆在前面右侧或左侧。
The main peak stands in front of the formation to hide way straight to the point, make people feel more "realm, visible and invisible" allure to the central landscape, so that visitors have to move forward and see. Method: a high proportion of lofty and far-reaching law main body, its position should be in the middle left or right, the object in front of the right or left.
主客体一个错前,一个错后,遥相呼应,衬体在后。单体景物的多层结构,构成近(客体)中(主体)远(衬体)景的各体层次,从而加强了正面的透视感,增加了景观的深度。
The object of a mistake, a mistake, echoed in the lining of the body after. The multi layer structure of the single object, which is formed in the near (object) of the (main) far (the body) of the body level, thereby enhancing the positive sense of perspective, increasing the depth of the landscape.
山体总面积一般不超过水面的一半或少于一半。这样,留下足够的空白,给欣赏者留下联想与想象的空间,达到“此处无景胜有景”“虚中见实”的效果。“山借树为衣,树以山为骨”,只有合理配置植物,山水才能有骨有肉,有形有神。
The total area of the mountain is generally not more than half or less than half of the water surface. So, leave enough space, give people left Association and imagination, achieve "scenery here without a king" in virtual "see" effect. "The mountain to borrow the tree for clothing, the tree to the mountains for the bone", only the rational allocation of plants, mountains and rivers can have bone meat, visible god.
通常选用姿态优美,叶小常绿,生长不旺,寿命很长,适应性强的植物。悬崖式假山应植些垂挂类植物。
Usually the graceful, Xiaochang leaves green, growing, long life, strong adaptability of plants. Cliff rockery should be planting more hanging plants.

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