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塑石假山的寿命如何延长呢
上传时间:2016-08-14 22:21:41  点击数:
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 塑石假山以使用材料的不同,可以分为三种,分别是水泥塑石假山、GRC塑石假山、树脂塑石假山。种类不同,其寿命不同,三种塑石假山使用寿命的排列顺序:水泥塑石假山>GRC塑石假山>树脂塑石假山。

Plastic rockery stone to use material is different, can divide into three kinds, respectively is cement plastic rockery stone, GRC plastic rockery stone, resin and plastic rockery stone. Different kinds, the different life, three plastic rockery stone using the order of life: cement plastic rockery stone >GRC plastic stone rockery > resin plastic rockery stone.
根据专家推测,一般的水泥塑石假山的使用寿命在30年左右,GRC塑石假山的使用寿命约15年,树脂塑石假山的使用寿命在10年左右。要想增强塑石假山景观的寿命还需要依靠一些必要的措施。
According to experts speculate that general cement plastic rockery stone life in about 30 years, GRC plastic rockery stone life about 15 years, resin plastic rockery stone life in about 10 years. In order to enhance the rockery landscape life also need to rely on some necessary measures.
1、内部结构增强,塑石假山的主结构由钢结构组成,主要有槽钢、工字钢、角钢等钢材焊接而成。塑石假山的稳定性主要靠主结构来完成,但随着时间的推移,钢材在接触空气及水的过程中,容易发生腐蚀、生锈。我们建议主结构的钢材采用热镀锌处理,这样能大大降低钢材的腐蚀及生锈几率。
1, internal structure enhanced plastic rockery stone main structure by the steel structure composition, the main channel steel, I-steel, angle steel and other steel welded together. Plastic rockery stone stability is mainly rely on the main structure completed, but with the passage of time, steel in the process of contact with air and water, prone to corrosion and rust. We suggest that the main structure of the steel using hot dip galvanized processing, so that can greatly reduce the corrosion and rust of steel.
2、改善塑面层的强度,水泥型塑石假山的塑面层主要由钢筋网层、铁丝网层、水泥砂浆层、颜料层组合而成,塑面层内外侧均接触空气,外部为水泥砂浆与颜料混合层,内部为钢筋网层,如果塑面层的内部发生断裂或者腐绣,那整个塑石假山有可能发生开裂、脱漏、倾斜等现象,会降低塑石假山的使用寿命。我们建议塑面层内部采用喷浆处理。
2, to improve the strength of the surface layer, cement type plastic rockery stone plastic surface layer is mainly composed of reinforced layer, wire net layer, a cement mortar layer, pigment layer combination, the surface layer and lateral were exposed to air, external layer of cement mortar mixed with pigments, internal steel mesh layer, if the surface layer of the internal fracture or rot embroidery, the plastic rockery stone cracking, lacuna, tilted phenomenon is likely to occur, will reduce the plastic rockery stone life. We suggest that the surface layer by spraying treatment.
塑石假山平时的养护方法:
The usual methods of curing plastic rockery stone:
塑石假山水养方法
Plastic stone false landscape support method
刚做出来的成品塑石假山,每天至少三次水,遇到天然炎热、温度高的天气,需要适当加增多浇水的次数,使它经常保持温泽而有生气。时间一长,石肌自然风化、变色、直到整块景观石在质感、色感方面完全调和供人观赏。
Just finished plastic rockery stone, every day at least three times in water, natural hot, high temperature weather encountered, need proper watering increased the number of, making it keep Windsor and angry. For a long time, stone muscle natural weathering, discoloration, until the whole landscape stone texture, color sense of complete harmony for people to watch.
塑石假山的油养方法
Raise plastic rockery stone oil
除了水养,还有一种用油养的。常见的使用保养油有凡士林、油蜡、上光蜡等,用纱布蘸蜡、油轻抹轻拭。也有将石蜡化成液体后涂刷塑石假山的,效果也显著。也有人认为作为长期保养的塑石,应避免上油蜡。虽然油类物质在短期内可以使塑石之质地、色感更为突出,但也相对阻隔了石头的老化,因为油蜡会堵塞石头的毛细孔,会妨碍石头的呼吸,即妨碍它吸收空气中的养料,使石头久久不能显得老气,而且上油后的景观石光泽,有一种造作感,过重的油蜡还会产生返潮现象,致使石之表面变灰白色,遮掩了石头的本来面目。总的说来,油养不值得提倡。
In addition to water, and an oil feed. The common use and maintenance of oil, vaseline oil wax, wax polish, with gauze dipped in wax and oil wipe gently. There will be melted into liquid paraffin after brushing the rockery, the effect is significant. Some people think that as a long-term maintenance of stone, should avoid oil wax. Although oil substance in the short term can make plastic stone texture, color more prominent, but also the relative barrier the stone of aging, because oil wax block stone pores will hinder the stone breath, that prevent it from absorbing nutrients in the air to make a stone for a long time not to appear old gas and oil landscape stone luster, the sense of a kind of artificial, heavy oil and wax will produce the phenomenon get damp, resulting in the stone surface turning grey and obscure the true colors of the stone. Generally speaking, it is not worth promoting.
总之,不管是采用水养方法,还是油养方法,都只能起到防止塑石假山开裂的作用,不能修复。所以塑石假山的制作工艺显得就尤为重要了,特别是合理比例的水泥和沙子,是防止塑石假山开裂的一个主要因素。
Anyway, no matter is the use of water or oil cultivation methods, can rise to prevent the plastic rockery stone cracking, can not be repaired. So plastic rockery stone fabrication process is is particularly important, especially a reasonable proportion of cement and sand, is to prevent the plastic rockery stone cracking is one of the main factors.

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